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The Human Age: The World That Shape Us

Diane Ackerman talks about the natural world- the one we have lived in for several decades. Dramatic transformations have shaped, and continue to alter our society, our relationship with nature and our prospects for the future (Ackerman 23).  She emphasizes on our role in the world, the fact that we are the determiners of our destiny. Our actions every day is what influences the conditions of the world.  She likens the human species to an intelligent, headstrong, impulsive teenager who leaves behind a very messy room, rushing to college to learn a lot of cool sciences, save the planet, then settle down and become a responsible adult. “We have tattooed the planet with our doings.” (Ackerman n.p) Human beings are the intelligent creatures, dominating the world, and making it a worthy place to live in. The developments that are accompanying man’s activities on earth are evident.

The world has sprung to a level that everyone sees and applauses human beings’ contribution in bringing the earth to a position that was always a dream. Human beings occupy the most significant space on earth. Up to seventy-five percent of the entire world is human population. “Humans have subdued 75 percent of the land surface, the concocted wizardry of industrial and medical marvels, strung lights all across the darkness.” (Ackerman n.p)  Currently, we collect the DNA of species that are vanishing in a frozen ark, equip with iPads, create wearable technologies and synthetic species that may outsmart us in the future. The world was a total mess long before human beings subdued it. There was no revolution of any kind, be it industries, schools, medical facilities, electricity, or religion. As soon as man discovered the importance of these elements of survival, they changed the world by modeling it, with their primary motivation being to achieve the best out of the world.

We as human beings utilize every opportunity on earth, for instance, equipping it with the animals of our choice, cultivating our preferred plant species, carrying out activities that interest us- some of these are invasive as they come back to us. As such, the author uses this fact to elucidate the invasive capacity of man. She uses technology developed by humans such as video games to depict their adverse effects to our children. “Who knew that the shift from children playing outside to indoors hunched over screens might be triggering an epidemic of myopia, as studies of young people in Shanghai and Seoul reveal that 95 percent are nearsighted?” (Ackerman n.p) According to the author’s arguments, our actions on earth have even changed the natural climate, this fact at some point threaten our existence in the world. Our natural environment is soon going to be extinct, depending on the activities we carry out in the event of subduing the earth. We are influenced by physical landscapes and will always be. Even as we create the larger cities, fundamentally, our developments change the nature o the world around us. According to our narrator, we as human beings have brains that are not settled for one thing.

One action leads to the other. We always want another thing even before we are done with the current one. These efforts have consequences applicable to the world surrounding us. Notably, the several activities we undertake as we increase in number, in the event of changing the world have both positive and negative implications. “We are an ever increasing population of nomads with restless minds.” (Ackerman n.p) It is evident from the author’s concern in the fields such as evolutionary robotics, urban design, nanotechnology, 3-D printing, and biomimicry.

We are the most active contributors to a whole new world. “Humans have become powerful agents of planetary change.” (Ackerman n.p) The weather pattern is no longer the same, bearing in mind that it fluctuates every time. Global warming that cannot be reversed comes in also as a result of human activities on earth.  We have decisively changed the carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle and the rate of extinction; hence, creating new atomic isotopes and plastiglomerates that are likely going to persist for years. The animals migrating patterns show an evidence of the effects of these human actions. They are moving to find a better or more natural environment, which can sustain their existence.

The Human Age is transforming our cities from grimy energy guzzlers into dynamic ecosystems.” (Ackerman n.p) The author considers efforts motivated by equal parts wonder and worry as she looks at the anthropogenic climate and how it affects other animals. Together, our scientific and technological progress from the industrial revolution and the first important fossil-fuel production diminishes due to the danger we have caused. “The world is being ravaged by record heat, drought, and floods.” (Ackerman n.p) The birds’ biological clocks tick faster in the cities than in the country, and coyotes are likely to roam these cities, looking for food as we encroach more and more on their natural habitat. The push for green policies to protect animals is what the narrator focuses on.

However, there are real scientific revolutions as a result of these human activities. Hope comes in from the geologists studying the fossilized record of the age of human-ecological impact, creating bioengineered bodies. It is on a quest to reconcile nature and man to a much higher degree. We also learn about the rooftop farming, innovations in climate farming and the urban-landscaped oasis of Manhattan’s High Line. We also see the attempt to harness body heat to wind energy by humans, the Europeans specifically. The narrator is giving us a top-notch insight on the modern human condition.

We are the sole contributors of the face of our world up to date. As we look at anything around us and smile, it is ultimately the work of our hands. As human beings subdued the earth, its environment changed rapidly. As our author sees the universe from the space, she marvels at the human contributions. “We do not intend our cities to be so beautiful from space. They are humanity’s fingerprints on the planet, the chrome-yellow energy that flows through the city veins.”  (Ackerman n.p) Anyone looking at the earth from the space smiles at how the world has developed- cities, nice settlements along the coast and roads that are well lit that one cannot miss their destinations, however new. “So that even without a map, the outlines of the continent loom and you can spot the meandering rivers.” (Ackerman n.p)

As human beings, we are innovators. In particular, we come up with things that surpass imagination- things that when one sees, appreciates the existence of human beings and their efforts in changing the world. “Our shimmering cities tell us that the Earth’s inhabitants are thinkers, builders, and rearrangers who like to bunch together in hive like settlements, and for some reason bad night vision, primal fear, sheer vanity, to scare predators, or as a form of group adornment. We bedeck them all with garlands of light.” (Ackerman n.p)  She praises how the earth has risen from darkness to a whole lot of excellent lighting all over the universe, which illuminates everything. “Ours is the only planet in our solar system that glitters at night. Earth is 4.5 billion years old, and for eons the nighttime planet was dark. In a little over two hundred years, we’ve wired up the world and turned on the lights, as if we signed the planet in luminous ink.”  (Ackerman n.p) Civilization was not removed from any other natural thing; we are the pioneers of every aspect of it.

Our author emphasizes that we are the beings of life that started to exist the same way that every other creature did. The development of human techniques is what has secluded us from natural surroundings, for example, the coming up of urban centers.

Enterprise Architecture Case Study

Infosys is a multinational corporation with headquarters in Bengaluru, India. The company was formed in 1981. The company is diversified in its production. The services and products provided by Infosys include: Business consultancy, technology services including : Application development and maintenance, cloud, infrastructure and security, Engineering services enterprise mobility, maintenance modernization, internet of Things (IoL), Testing., outsourcing services including business outsourcing, applicationoutsourcing, customer service, human resource, finance and accounting, sourcing and procurement.

The case study I am involved with is purely engineering. Development of engineering design is knowledge intensive.  Experienced designers are mandated in carrying our design works. The design is a manual operation(Bernu, Nemes, & Schmidt, 2012). There is always room to improve design development processes given the nature of dynamism in knowledge. As such, automation of activitiesimproves productivity and relatively reduces time cycle in production (Bernard, 2012).  Considering the background of my case study, I will start by analyzing the performance as far as engineering services are concerned. Probably, someone may ask, why decide on Infosys for your engineering services and products? I will attempt to answer that question. The engineering sector faces three key challenges in attempt to bridge the gap betweenproduction and consumption of services. In engineering, the apparent design and function of a product is translated to application software, which is later applied in its design (Bernard, 2012). The challenges are: Agility, Enhancement and profitability. I briefly look at how Infosys endeavors to satisfy customer needs in the right of the above challenges. Infosys has managed to create a progressive market concept in engineering, technology as well as in business consultancy. Consequently, it gives them an edge over their competitors. Though in a competitive market, Infosys has taken market by storm through quick and informed decision and hence provide services at a customer friendly cost.

Business problem

A large aircraft corporation based in Canada wanted to design and precisely develop floor beams using knowledge based engineering. Of the many engineering service provider available, the Canadian company approached Infosys due to diversify services and improve efficiency in service delivery. This typical case study depicts how an automation approach was applied in designing structural component of an aircraft, the result in efficiency that was achieved through the design. Quantitatively, the aircraft attained 30% efficiencyincrease in performance.

The IT Solution that solved the problem

The generation of floor beam was carried out in phases. The first phase was piloting. Piloting involvedstudying and analyzing the available beams by the expert designers.

In-house third party CAD/CAM/PLM system is the common manual design in conventional engineering scenarios. For the construction of the American aircraft floor beam (OEM), Infosys engineers applied knowledge based engineering design (KBE).Each floor beam consist upper chord, lower cord, web and stiffener. To design and create an effective floor beam, several factors come to play. Such factors include stiffness, strength, design and the manufacturing quality. The two teams involved in the project, analysis and design team, require a constant smooth and accurate data flow (Nemes et al, 2012). After all the application requirements are met, and KBE and PD having been defined, the various software applications were developed. The last phase involved generation of the 70 floor beams using the software application already developed

The illustration below shows the enterprise architecture fot the process of designing and generating the beams

 

Defining KBE

 

  Define software application scope

 

  Develop software application

 

  On a few beams, plot the KBE process

 

     

 

Conclusion

Infosys has designed and generated different products. However, the beams generated by the KBE approach are unique and one of their kinds. The adoption of KBE approach in the initial stages has culminated in improved efficiency of up to 30%.

WHY LANGUAGE TUTORS SHOULD CONSIDER BECOMING TRANSLATORS

As great as being a language tutor is, you might be considering a career change.

As a language tutor, you undoubtedly have a talent for languages. This is an incredible skill to have, and one that will give you so many opportunities. So, why should you consider entering the world of translation as a language tutor? We’ve compiled a few points that might just entice you.

They are interchangeable skills 

As a language tutor, it’s a given fact that you can understand more than one language, using one to help the other. As a tutor, you’re basically translating one language to help teach somebody another language, right?

It might be extremely beneficial for you to dip into translation as a side hustle or even a full-time career change.

You’ll find that you’re still helping people. You’re enabling complex ideas and information to be translated so other people can understand them. Sounds a tiny a bit like tutoring?

As a tutor, you’ve likely picked up a lot of detailed knowledge of syntax, grammar, sentence structure, and readability. These types of skills are very much sought after in the world of translation.

The personality 

Being a tutor requires a certain type of character. This outgoing, patient and forgiving nature comes a lot more naturally to others. If you feel like your job as a tutor just isn’t the right fit for your personality, becoming a translator could be the route you need to take.

Of course, you’ll still meet a lot of interesting people along the way. You’ll help. You’ll network. However, you’ll be in your own private setting.

Likewise, if you do have the perfect personality for tutoring, you’ll still be great for translation. That innate desire to convey information into something easy to swallow and understand is all you need to be a translator.

The pay is a big plus 

There’s a lot of skepticism about translation because of the increase in technology. The fact is, even as much as technology advances, human translators will always be needed. Translators who can offer a high-accuracy, in-depth translator are actually in short supply, meaning people will pay handsomely for your skills.

In topics such as diplomacy, politics, and business, you can absolutely expect to be compensated generously for your translation work. The pay could, if you really set yourself out from the crowd, very much exceed your tutoring pay.

Independent working  

As a translator, the options to become freelance, self-employed or work with an agency are much more reachable.

You’ll no longer be ordered by managers, or expect to work around other people’s schedules.

Becoming a freelance translator opens you up to new opportunities that will allow you to travel, work from home and just have, all around, more freedom. You know what they say; “if you don’t build your dream, someone will hire you to help build theirs.”

There is also a great opportunity in working as a freelance translator. Best translation site like PickWriters have lists on various agencies that might be interested in you as a translator.

Career progression 

We’ve mentioned before just how sought-after great translators are. Tutoring is very much a be all end all type of job. There’s very little room to progress or become anything more than a tutor. Now, this is fine if you’re comfortable doing that. However, some people itch for new opportunities and success.

If you’re ambitious and ready to take on a new challenge that can throw you into somewhere amazing, translation is the one for you.

There are absolutely no barriers, career structures or limits. If you enter translation with an open mind, the place you end up in could be beyond your wildest dreams. It’s really the perfect adventure.

Flexibility  

You might be a parent, retiring, traveling or just bored of the regular 9-5. Working as a translator gives you so much flexibility. Everything from the hours that you work, the places you work from and the people you work with.

This is especially true for freelance translators. With online technology, there’s no reason why you can’t work from the comfort of your own home, move to the location you’ve been dreaming of, or become a digital nomad.

Your clients will be from all over the globe, making fixed hours a distant memory.

Flexibility is one of the main reasons why many language tutors shift over to translation.

It’s always super interesting 

Clients all over the world, new projects to pick up, and fresh challenges. Translation will undoubtedly keep you on your feet. No two days are the same. You’ll constantly have to keep your language skills up to date, learn new technologies and enter new ventures. One thing is for sure, with translation work, you’ll never be bored.

Conclusion

If you’re a language tutor and you’re looking for a new opportunity – look into becoming a translator. Increase in freedom, new career opportunities and really exciting work will await you. Not to mention a nice little paycheck.

Communication Strategies used by a Character in Seinfeld Based on the Four Principle of Cooperation

Seinfeld is one of the most famous movies of the 20th century directed by Andy Ackerman and written by Steve Lookner. In the Wizard, 15th episode of season nine of the series, the audience meets George who is determined to divide his attention between the Rosses family and his private life (Kheirabadi & Aghagolzadeh, 2012). This essay highlights the communication styles used by George in this episode and relates them to the four principles of cooperation.

George fails to observe the principle of quality of communication as he takes the call and lies to the Rosses that he will have to close on his house in Hamptons only to be seen on the streets by the same people he lied to (Kheirabadi & Aghagolzadeh, 2012). He, however, gives the information required to convince the Rosses that he was in the house and reveals the truth thus satisfying the principle of quality. George takes the Rosses to Hamptons where the truth finally comes out regarding the existence of his house in the area (McAllister, 2002). He is so careful to give the required response on the phone call avoiding interference from the ongoing conversation between him and Jerry about the race of Elaine’s boyfriend (McAllister, 2002). His therefore in line with the principle of relation. Finally, it is clear that George violets manner in his communication strategy by not being straightforward concerning the reason for not attending the family event with the Rosses (McAllister, 2002).

One aspect of communication we share with George is lack of quality as sometimes we both have to lie to skip an event. Additionally, we both have the comic element in our conversation styles, and this feature helps in making the conversion lively.

In conclusion, it can be noted that the four principles of cooperation by Paul Grice are just necessary but not sufficient conditions for a productive conversation. A slight divergence from the principles makes the discussion livelier provided that the parties remain on topic as is evidenced by George’s communication skills in the Wizard.